Growth in independent High Street stores drives a return to the black for independent retailers across GB

01 November 2016 by Local Data Company

Data released today by LDC and British Independent Retailers Association (bira) shows that traditional independent shops opened slightly more shops than were closed in H1 2016 in Britain’s town centres, whilst the national chains continued to see a fall. Independent shops saw an increase of +4 shops (+0.00%) in H1 2016. This is a reversal from the net decline of -194 shops (-0.07%) in H1 2015. A net growth of +200 units in H1 2016 on the High Streets, was one of the main drivers in the growth of independent retailing in H1 2016.

The chain retailers have also remained in decline with a net loss of -2,001 shops (-1.02%) in H1 2016 across GB, which compares to -828 shops (-0.44%) in H1 2015.

  • In H1 2016 the net change in independents was +4 units (+0.00%) versus -194 (-0.07%) in H1 2015.

  • In H1 2016 a total of 31,216 independents either opened (15,610) or closed (15,606), down on H1 2015 where 33,262 opened (16,534) or closed (16,728).

  • Comparison goods (non perishable goods) shops net change was -0.89% in H1 2016 (-0.91% in H1 2015). This is a net decrease of -698 units, an improved figure from the -712 in H1 2015.

  • Leisure (restaurants, cafes, bookmakers & entertainment) growth has increased by +0.06% in H1 2016 compared to zero growth in H1 2015. In H1 2016 there was a net increase of +45 units versus no change in units (0 net change) in H1 2015.

  • Convenience retail (bakers, butchers, food shops, & supermarkets) saw a net increase of +219 units (+0.81%) in H1 2016 versus a decrease of -15 units (-0.06%) in H1 2015.

  • Service retail (health & beauty, financial services, tattoo parlours and estate agents) increased by the greatest number of units, albeit less than H1 2015, at +438 units (+0.52% versus +0.65% in H1 2015).

  • Key growth sectors have been Barbers, Tobacconists/e-cigarette shops, and Hair & Beauty salons.

  • Sectors in decline include Pubs, women’s clothing shops, newsagents and Indian restaurants.

  • Tobacconists/e-cigarettes (+22%) and Candle suppliers (+10%) have increased the most as a percentage of their total units.

  • The West Midlands showed the greatest increase of independents at +159 units (+0.84%) in H1 2016, versus -22 units (-0.12%) in H1 2015.

  • Greater London continues to show the greatest decline of independents at -288 units (-0.42%), but at a slower rate than in H1 2015 (-0.46% in H1 2015).

  • Scotland has also seen a change in fortunes, reversing a net decrease of -42 units in H1 2015 to a modest increase of +63 units in H1 2016.

  • Sparkhill, Birmingham has the accolade of having the highest percentage of independents at 95.0% (based on locations with 50+ units).

  • Telford is the town with the lowest percentage of independents at only 18.1%, against a GB average of 65% (based on locations with 50+ units).

  • Wider analysis of in and out of town locations shows that High Streets saw dramatic improvement from a net decline of -25 units, to a net increase of 200 units in H1 2016. This represented a +0.12% net increase, a 225 unit swing from the -0.02% net decline in H1 2015.

  • The other location types saw less of an overall change with Shopping Centres still recording a net decline of -0.61% (versus -0.44% in H1 2015) and Retail Parks edged up by +0.63% (versus no change in H1 2015).

Independents account for 65% of all retail and leisure units in Great Britain, the same as in H1 2015.

Top 10 independent business openings by classification mix

Table 1 Bira.png

Table 1. Largest amounts of independent units opened
by business type in H1 2016 across GB (Source: LDC)

Top 10 independent business closures by classification mixTable 2 Bira.png

Table 2. Largest amounts of independent units closed
by business type in H1 2016 across GB (Source: LDC)

National and regional net variations of independents

Table 3 Bira.png

Table 3. Net percentage change (openings minus closures)
of independent units by region in H1 2016 across GB (Source: LDC)

Top 10 independent towns (50+ units)

Table 4 Bira.png

Table 4. Towns with the greatest percentage of independent retailers (Source: LDC)


Bottom 10 independent towns (50+ units)

Table 5.png
Table 5. Towns with the least percentage of independent retailers (Source: LDC)


Change in independents' numbers by location type

Table 6 Bira.png
Table 6. Net change by location type for Independents across 2,700
in and out of town GB locations (Source: LDC)

Matthew Hopkinson, Director at the Local Data Company commented:

“It is encouraging to see a reversal in fortunes of independent shops from a year ago with positive change, allbeit minute, yielding a net gain of just four shops across the country! Independents are a sensitive barometer of business confidence and thus their fortunes are worth tracking closely.

Of note is that the increases come from within the convenience sector and specialist food retailing in particular along with the continued growth of health and beauty outlets for both men and women – the good news is not limited to just one subsector.

As ever the devil is in the detail and regional variations abound, with decline visible in London but with increases evident in the West Midlands and a reversal of fortunes for independent ‘shops’ in Scotland. Contrary to popular belief the high street is alive and well with independents, and, H1 2016 saw a tenfold increase in net openings from a year ago. This sector continues to provide a key element of stability to our towns in particular."

Alan Hawkins, CEO, British Independent Retailers Association (bira), said:

"I am pleased we can see in our results a glimmer of growth in independents on our high streets, and equally that progress is reflected across a range of sectors.

It’s encouraging to see a growing vigour in independent retailers across the UK. It’s becoming increasingly clear that the customer both needs and wants to be present when shopping for some items, as well as having online options, and that this will hopefully have a positive impact on independent shops.

I am worried about the Greater London region, which has seen the worst regional fall in openings in the first half of 2016, coupled with the recent news about higher business rate hits and rental values increasing. It is certainly a tough time for independent retailers in Greater London as well as some other parts of the country.

These results do however, give us a few good examples of how independent retailers are thriving. Particularly in the West Midlands region which is a growing industrial powerhouse where people have more money to spend, which in turn is resulting in more independent shops thriving."

Note: The total number of independent businesses covered in this research across GB was 272,222 (+0.78% increase from H1 2015)

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